what does the ordnance branch do

It is interesting to note that it was widely anticipated Alfred Mordecai, who was regarded as the most brilliant officer in the Ordnance Department, would quickly rise up the ranks. Psychological Operations. The purpose of the Ordnance Corps is to support the development, production, acquisition and sustainment of equipment including weapons systems and munitions, and to provide explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) during peace and war, and to provide superior combat power to the United States (U.S.) Army. Between the Civil War and WWI, the Ordnance Department did not expand to any great extent. During WWII, the Ordnance Branch gained its third core competency, Bomb Disposal (renamed Explosive Ordnance Disposal after WWII) added to its previous missions of ammunition handling and maintenance. During the Korean War, it would re-establish many functions and methods deactivated after the end of WWII. In the supply area it had responsibility for weapons, armoured vehicles and other military equipment, ammunition and clothing and certain minor functions such as laundry, mobile baths and photography. He is recognized as one of the most able administrators in the Confederate government due to his ability in marshalling an impressive amount of materiel and distributing it to the Confederate Army. With only 97 officers and 1,241 enlisted soldiers, the department had a myriad of problems to overcome; no system below the Office of the Chief of Ordnance to coordinate with industry, no plan for mobilizing industry, an inadequate proving ground, no system of echeloned maintenance, a lack of sufficient schooling for enlisted soldiers, and only six armories and manufacturing arsenals at Watervliet, New York; Watertown and Springfield, Massachusetts; Frankford, Pennsylvania; Rock Island, Illinois; and Picatinny, New Jersey. In addition to its support role, the Ordnance Department established the Rocket and Howitzer Battery, the only unit in Ordnance history raised specifically for combat duty. The notion of a basic branch for logistics, bringing together officers from the Quartermaster, Ordnance, and Transportation branches, has long been discussed among Army logisticians and leaders. The decreased budgets limited the amount of money it spent on research, in lieu of maintaining war reserves. However, his family was devoted to the Confederacy and he could not conscious the thought that he was constructing materiel to be used against them. This maintenance challenge remained one of the largest hurdles in WWII. To me, the guy who immediately judges me based on my branch challenges me to be my best all the time... and I always deliver. The Ordnance Corps is consistently ranked as one of the largest branches in the Army. Birthday: 14 May 1812. (All of em... because some I get, I'm looking for a source to explain every one of them) I don't see it explained anywhere on the form, and I've checked DA PAM 600-3 as well, and it's glossary doesn't explain them either. Women were especially sought after to work in the ammunition plants due to the contemporary perception that a woman’s nimble and petit fingers worked better at assembling paper rifle cartridges. ARMY BRANCH INSIGNIA. The Ordnance Department applied the maintenance lessons it learned in WWI and devised a five-echelon maintenance system ranging from base shop maintenance to organizational maintenance, all in an effort to return materiel to operational status as near to the front line as possible. The Chief of Ordnance is the branch proponent for the Ordnance branch. Allegheny Arsenal in 1862 or Washington Arsenal in 1864), the percentage of female fatalities was very high. Train, educate, and grow Ordnance professionals who drive change; employ, develop and design DOTMLPF-P solutions to sustain Army readiness and win in Multi-Domain Operations. This rank filled the Army’s need to have a highly-trained and experienced Ordnance soldiers at the increasing number of frontier posts and coastal defensive forts. The remaining personnel are trained at one of six other locations across the United States. The Ordnance mission in the field operated on a scale never experienced previously by the Ordnance Department. These officers make decisions regarding the purchase, handling, storage, and transport of ordnance. 169 ordnance branch essay examples from trust writing service EliteEssayWriters™. Inventors such as Eli Whitney and Simeon North developed the methods and means for mass production through interchangeable parts and refined technology in milling machinery. Click on the Army Branch below to view it’s list of Jobs. To train the new Ordnance soldiers, the Ordnance Department established schools at a wide-array of locations, to include universities, civilian factories, armories, arsenals, and field depots. Indeed, assignment to the Ordnance branch was one of the most sought-after assignments following graduation at West Point. Women Ordnance Workers (WOWs) accounted for approximately 85,000 of all civilian employees. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Ordnance in Community Dictionary armed forces explosives; bombs by Evon Aburto Report definition The purpose of the Ordnance Corps is to support the development, production, acquisition and sustainment of equipment including weapons systems and munitions, and to provide explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) during peace and war, and to provide superior combat power to the United States (U.S.) Army. Note that General Staff does not have an assigned branch color. To offset industry’s reluctance to build new plants, the U.S. government established a system of constructing the factories, but contracting out its operation. By mid-1779, all the field armies had Ordnance personnel travelling with them. Just sixteen years later, the Massachusetts Bay Colony had a permanent Surveyor of Ordnance. The Ordnance Corps has a proud tradition dating back to colonial America. On May 14, 1812, Congress officially established the Ordnance Department and appointed Colonel Decius Wadsworth as the first Chief of Ordnance. The Ordnance Department was responsible for roughly half of all Army procurement during World War II, $34 billion dollars. These units moved with the division and provided a wide array of support to the line. However, the duties and responsibilities of the profession date back to the 1600s. Ordnance Documentation showing only Military and Government definitions ( show all 81 definitions ) Note: We have 31 other definitions for OD in our Acronym Attic New challenges, however, had to be confronted. The most popular abbreviation for Ordnance Branch is: OR The Explosive Ordnance Disposal Badge is a military badge of the United States Armed Forces which recognizes those service members, qualified as explosive ordnance disposal technicians, who are specially trained to deal with the construction, deployment, disarmament, and disposal of high explosive munitions including other types of ordnance such as nuclear, biological and chemical weapons along … The Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) was a corps of the British Army.At its renaming as a Royal Corps in 1918 it was both a supply and repair corps. The Ordnance Branch is one of the oldest in the U.S. Army, founded on May 14, 1812. Even though WWI had been raging in Europe for nearly three years, the Ordnance Department had to play catchup when the United States entered the war in April 1917. The Continental Congress’ Board for War and Ordnance created the Commissary General for Military Stores to establish and operate Ordnance facilities in an effort to alleviate the dependence on foreign arms purchases. The department faced a similar problem it faced in 1861; how to arm and equip all the soldiers during such a sudden increase in size, an approximately ten-fold increase. Ordnance units served vital roles under each of these Support Commands. USAOS2221 Adams AveBldg 5020Fort Lee, VA23801-2102. Decius Wadsworth, previously superintendant of West Point, was appointed a Colonel and given the title Commissary General of Ordnance, later changed to Chief of Ordnance. In the past 22 years, Ordnance personnel have engaged in three sustained operations in the Middle East which tested their ability to adapt. Bottle Green 65025 cloth 67191 yarn PMS 343 #00563f. By war’s end, more than 55,000 officers and soldiers had been trained at one of these locations, including the six Ordnance schools in France. It reverted to the previous name on 18 April 1955. The 105 officers and enlisted men were the only ones with the experience to operate the new M1841 12-pound Howitzer and the latest Hale War Rocket. These weapons were still in the testing phase and had not been distributed to the artillery branch for field use. Now, as a reflection of the increasingly multifunctional nature of support on the modern battlefield, the Logistics branch is becoming a reality. Ordnance is one of the largest branches. Ordnance facilities were established at Springfield, MA, and Carlisle, PA, for the production of arms, powder, and shot. Despite the massive expansion of the army, the official staffing of the Ordnance Department remained small. General, MI = Mil. In 2011, the Ordnance Corps consists of approximately 2,700 officers, 3,000 warrant officers, and 100,000 soldiers serving on active duty or with the National Guard or Army Reserve. Menu. The Ordnance Department was established by the Act of 14 May 1812. To complicate the maintenance mission, in 1942, the responsibility for motor transport was shifted from the Quartermaster Branch to the Ordnance Department. The new campus is dedicated to train approximately 70% of all Ordnance personnel. Regular army troops were equipped with smokeless, bolt-action Krag-Jorgensen rifles, but most volunteer units had the single-shot, breech loading, black powder M1873 Springfield. Each of these functions has a critical role ensuring operational commanders and forces have the required combat power for mission accomplishment. Per congressional direction from 1794, each armory staffed a civilian superintendant and a master armorer. However, despite these challenges, operational readiness rates increased, and by 1969, exceeded those of previous wars. The Detroit Tank Arsenal was built in eight months while engineers simultaneously designed a new medium tank, the M3. ordnance synonyms, ordnance pronunciation, ordnance translation, English dictionary definition of ordnance. Consequently, thousands of soldiers were detailed to perform Ordnance duties during the war. The vast majority of Ordnance Officers work in maintenance. Combat development would be delegated to a new Combat Development Command (CDC). Mission. Ordnance Department strength increased from 334 to 24,000 officers, 4,000 to 325,000 enlisted, and 27,088 to 262,000 civilians, all in an army of approximately 8 million. Ordnance definition: Ordnance refers to military supplies, especially weapons . It is the job of the ordnance officer to make sure that the Military's weapons and ammunition supplies are safe and secure. The unit suffered 6 killed and 22 wounded. Modest improvements in the organization of the Ordnance Department were implemented and scientific research continued, but a general lack of preparedness grew. Beside each Army Branch name is a number, this number is the total number of MOS’s in that branch. The Ordnance Personnel Development Office is responsible for the eight personnel development system life-cycle management functions for all Ordnance officers, warrant officers, Soldiers, and related civilian occupational series, including structure, acquisition, distribution, development, deployment, compensation, sustainment, and transition. With the experience it gained from the Punitive Expedition in Mexico in 1916, the Ordnance Department established an embryonic system of echeloned maintenance. During the war, Colonel Benjamin Flower and Ezekiel Cheever, a civilian, provided ordnance support in the manufacturing of arms and equipment and supplied support to the army in the field. In 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Colony appointed Samuel Sharpe as the first Master Gunner of Ordnance. With the arrival of the Spanish-American war in 1898, the Ordnance Department, however, did not have the time to catch up to the swiftness of mobilization and had to ‘muscle through’ its support issues. His responsibility was to deliver powder and ammunition to selected towns, recover weapons from militia members, receive payment from those who lost weapons, and provide periodic reports to government officials to guide the purchase of firearms, powder, and shot. 5020, Fort Lee, VA, 23801, Commercial telephone (804) 765–7384/ 7368 / 7385. You’ll also manage the developing, testing, fielding, handling, storage, and disposal of munitions. As the war progressed, the department overcame the lag and matured as an organization and adapted to modern warfare. This effort created a tradition of technological innovation in the Ordnance Department and resulted in a generation of ‘soldier-technologists’; inventors such as Alfred Mordecai, George Bomford, Thomas J. Rodman, and John H. Hall. As an Explosive Ordnance Disposal Officer, you’ll lead the Army's tactical and technical explosives experts. What does ordnance mean? The development of the Ordnance school system is another success story during the interwar years. These two armories served as a nucleus for technological innovation for the young republic. Especially in the ABCT arena. The office also works hand in hand with the Army’s Ordnance, Quartermaster, and Transportation branch proponency offices to ensure that the branches all stay in synch. His staff worked to reduce the variety of small arms and artillery pieces to a few efficient models. This location would be center of the soul of the Ordnance Branch for the next 68 years. Dictionary ! Ordnance soldiers and civilians worked across the globe, in places as diverse as Iceland, Iran, the Pacific Islands, Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. At the peak of the war, the Department numbered 64 officers and 600 enlisted. Crimson and yellow were established as the branch colors on 14 October 1921. In Korea, it established a support infrastructure modeled on the one used in WWII, to include echeloned maintenance operations, ammunition handling, and EOD operations. Acts as liaison and referral between active and reserve OD personnel and organizations, functional staff and academic departments within the ODS. If you would like to view all Army MOS listings, instead of by their respective branches, go to the Army MOS List page. The Chief of Ordnance regained responsibility for decisions concerning personnel, force structure, doctrine, and training. I like it that way. In 1902, it was changed to black and scarlet. Branch of service colors are typically found on the Dress Uniform shoulder insignia, cuff braid, service scarf, and Officer's cape lining. The first listed color is the base color for the branch with the secondary color used for piping or accents. Stock number reconciliation and an automated stock control system were introduced. The definition of ordnance is military weapons. By the dawn of the War of 1812, the Secretary of War recognized the need for a distinct branch to manage the procurement, research, and maintenance of Ordnance materiel. Int., MP = Mil. In the initial years, spare parts shortages and equipment availability rates were low. Thus, the United States would have even greater challenges mobilizing for WWI. Below you’ll find a list of each branch, a description of its role within the U.S. Army structure, and its unique insignia. Consequently, when there was an explosion (i.e. Definition of ordnance. As an Ordnance Officer, you’ll make sure that weapons systems, vehicles, and equipment are ready and available, and in perfect condition at all times. Without difficulty, it met the needs of the Army for equipment and supplies to support the multiple campaigns of the Mexican War. On DA Form 61, what do all the 2 letter branch abbreviations stand for? This change gave the opportunity for Ordnance officers, soldiers, and civilians to identify with their historical predecessors in their mission of Ordnance support to the U.S. Army. There are Ordnance Soldiers assigned to every unit in the Army. The Ordnance Corps (renamed such in 1950) re-established the myriad of schools located at Aberdeen Proving Ground to train the increased demand for officers and enlisted soldiers. Most officers, however, remained in the Ordnance Department and rose in rank to serve as Ordnance officers for their commands, to include the Army of the Potomac and other field armies. the branch of an army that procures, stores, and issues, weapons, munitions, and combat vehicles and maintains arsenals for their development and testing. To apply, a soldier had to have at least 8 years of service, 4 of which had to be as a non-commissioned officer, and pass a series of examinations, to include mathematics and writing. The Ordnance Branch is one of the oldest branches of the U.S. Army, founded on 14 May 1812. Eventually, much of the training was consolidated at the Ordnance Training Camp at Camp Hancock, Georgia. By the end of the war, almost 8,000 plants were working on Ordnance contracts. Manages, reviews and awards request of waivers for MOS training prerequisite requirements. b : a service of the army charged with the procuring, distributing, and safekeeping of … The shell and flame harmonizes with the protection of days gone by. For major repairs, it established a system of Ordnance repair base shops in France. Colonel Benjamin Flower led the Commissary from his appointment in January 1777 until his death in May 1781. During the Civil War, the Ordnance Department was called upon to arm and equip an army of unprecedented size. In addition, he aimed to develop a cadre of highly trained Ordnance officers who could dedicate their inventive ingenuity to their profession. Silver Gray In spite of this, several legendary weapons were developed; including the M-1 Garand and the 105mm Howitzer (although, tank development significantly lagged). In 1835, the Ordnance Corps had a red plume - the same as Artillery. Schooling for Ordnance officers and enlisted was streamlined during the period and consolidated by 1940 at Aberdeen Proving Ground at The Ordnance School, a single location where all Ordnance education would occur. USAOS2221 Adams AveBldg 5020Fort Lee, VA23801-2102. Lieutenants assessed into the Ordnance branch will develop functional branch skills defined by their area of concentration (AOC) for the first 3–4 years of their career. The Ordnance branch has two officer AOCs, nine warrant officer MOSs, and 32 enlisted MOSs. Army Materiel Command assumed responsibility for many of the Ordnance Corps historical functions; research, development, procurement, production, storage and technical intelligence. [incomprehensible] In 1960, 1 Ordnance Field Park moved from Edmonton to Calgary and in 1968 merged with the Base Supply organization to become the Supply Company of 1 Service Battalion. Ordnance officers were assigned to divisions and above. Generally, your Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) determines your branch. The Ordnance School was renamed the Ordnance Center and School and came under the direction of Continental Army Command (CONARC). By the war’s end, 326 government facilities were operating under the auspices of contractors. Define ordnance. 1 a : military supplies including weapons, ammunition, combat vehicles, and maintenance tools and equipment bombers dropped heavy concentrations of ordnance on every targeted airfield — Ron Dick. The story for the Ordnance Department between WWI and WWII is filled with both good news and bad news. The one-year rotational policy produced personnel shortages in some key fields. As an Explosive Ordnance Disposal Specialist, you’ll be the Army’s preeminent tactical and technical explosives expert. In 1832, Congress authorized the rank of Ordnance Sergeant. In the first half of the 19th Century, the Ordnance Department played a crucial role in the burgeoning Industrial Revolution and helped to establish the “American System of Manufacturing”. After his request for transfer to California was denied, he resigned his commission. For lower echelons, Ordnance responsibilities were tasked out to soldiers who had previous training in smithing or some other Ordnance-related skill. Crimson and yellow were established as the branch colors on 14 October 1921. Serves as the Executive Agent for the CSA Army Award for Maintenance Excellence (AAME). Ten of the fifteen Medal of Honor awardees would serve as Ordnance Sergeants during their enlistment. During Korea, it exploited captured Russian and Chinese equipment. In 1629, Samuel Sharpe was appointed as the first Master Gunner of Ordnance for the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Responsibilities of an Ordnance Captain may include: Commanding and controlling company-sized Ordnance operations units (200-300 Soldiers). Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom called the Ordnance officers and soldiers to overcome a long-term insurgency campaign. Ordnance, Transportation, or Quartermaster). But do you know who our biggest advocates are? The points of contact for the Logistics Branch Proponency Office are Lieutenant Colonel Vickie Stenfors, (804) 734–0315, and Rufus Montgomery, (804) 734–0312. The Army is a large organization, made up of many different branches. The Ordnance Branch encompasses all functions related to the life cycle management of its three commodities: tank/automotive materiel, munitions materiel, and missile materiel. At the CPT/O-3 level you will become a 90A (Combined Logistician) at which time you can work in any logistics job (i.e. In 1902, it was changed to black and scarlet. Consequently, it did not undergo any major reorganization following the war. After nearly a century of operations at Aberdeen Proving Ground, the Chief of Ordnance and the Ordnance Corps moved to Fort Lee, Virginia in 2008 as part of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission (BRAC) decision. It re-established its Technical Intelligence Teams which had collected German equipment during WWII for exploitation. It was also used by the Artillery Branch until 1834 when the Artillery branch adopted the crossed-cannons as its branch insignia. Covers everything from maintenance (80%) to munitions management (15%) to EOD (5%). During the War of 1812, the Secretary of War recognized the need for a distinct branch to manage the procurement, research, and maintenance of ordnance materiel. Although, each colony developed a militia system in which members were required to provide their own weapons and initial amount of gunpowder and shot, colonial Ordnance officials provided a logistical depth for any type of sustained operations. The Ordnance Department swelled exponentially in WWII and applied the lessons it learned in WWI. Quartermaster Corps The Quartermaster Corps offers a broad spectrum of opportunities. A few Ordnance officers accepted line commands, such as Major Generals Oliver O. Howard who won the Medal of Honor at the Battle of Fair Oaks in 1862, and Jesse Reno who was killed at the Battle of South Mountain in September 1862. The American Revolution established the general outlines of the future Ordnance Department. The Ordnance Department established 13 Ordnance districts across the country which had the authority to deal directly with industry and award contracts. In November 1917, construction began. 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